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    The Atlas of nesting birds from Portugal makes an inventory of 235 breeding species, from which 221 are native, and, among these, 205 with regular nesting activity. It covers a period from 1999 to 2005. The project "Atlas of the Birds that Nest in Portugal" aimed to know the current distribution of breeding species in Mainland Portugal and in the autonomous regions of Madeira and the Azores and to characterize abundance, when possible, of national populations of these species, during the period of 1999 to 2005. This dataset comprised two layers of information: Directed Census - Distribution data for bird species targeted by directed census, except Aquila adalberti, Aegypius monachus and Pterocles alchata whose location is confidential (includes marginal 10x10 km UTM squares); Other species - distribution data for the remaining species (does not include UTM 10x10 km marginal grids). The project involved the participation of ca. 500 volunteers, more than a dozen professional employees and various work teams in the organization. It is the result of a fundamental partnership with three other entities, namely the SPEA - Portuguese Society for the Study of Birds (a non-governmental association that works for the conservation of birds and their habitats in Portugal and which brings together numerous members interested in this faunal group); the Natural Park of Madeira (PNM) and the Regional Directorate for the Environment of the Azores (DRA), entities responsible for the conservation of wild birds in the autonomous regions.

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    This dataset is the output of a national waterbird monitoring programme coordinated by ICNF that collects information on the number and distribution of waterbirds at wetland sites in Portugal and is part of the International Waterbird Census project (African-Eurasian Waterbird Census – Europe). The dataset consists of annual waterbird counts, undertaken from 2000 to 2013, of species regularly encountered at wetlands and observed in all types of natural and man-made wetlands in mainland Portugal. In this dataset there is a record of 84 waterbird species, 20 families and 11 orders (Accipitriformes, Anseriformes, Charadriiformes, Ciconiiformes, Gaviiformes, Gruiformes, Pelecaniformes, Phoenicopteriformes, Podicipediformes, Strigiformes, Suliformes).

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    The Atlas of the Bats of continental Portugal project arose with the overall goal of updating the information on bat species, with the following specific objectives: (1) Mapping the current distribution of bat species in continental Portugal; (2) Feeding a geo-referenced database that allows easy and generalised access to the information; (3) Describing patterns of specific richness of chiropterans and (4) Making information available for research, planning and management applied to bat conservation. As complementary objectives, it was intended to: (1) Integrated in the 2011-2012 Year of the Bat campaign, contribute to the dissemination of the importance of bat conservation among the populations and all entities with responsibility in land management; and (2) Contribute to the mobilization and stimulation of professionals and others interested in issues related to chiropterans. The achievement of these objectives resulted from a great collective effort, which we value and intend to continue in the future. This is the only way to cope with the constant need to adjust and update the information in this Atlas, particularly for species that are difficult to identify or that will be subject to taxonomic revisions. You can access to Atlas Bats from Continental Portugal 2013 in http://www2.icnf.pt/portal/pn/biodiversidade/patrinatur/atlas-morcegos/resource/Atlas_Morcegos.pdf

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    The wolf subspecies present in Iberian Peninsula, Canis lupus signatus (Cabrera 1907), has in Portugal the status of Endangered (Red Book of the Vertebrates of Portugal), being covered by specific national legislation (Law no. 90/88, of 13th of December August and Decree-Law No. 54/2016, of 25 August), which grants it the Status of Protected Species. This study intents to update the existing knowledge about the situation of the wolf and gather information to support the management of the species and the environment in which it is located in Portugal. the National Census of Wolf 2002/2003 developed by a partnership established between ICN and Grupo Lobo, whose objectives were: - update the distribution map of this species in Portugal; - estimate the number and distribution of existing family groups; - analyze the evolution of the population in relation to the results obtained in the work carried out under the LIFE Program between 1994 and 1996. After compiling the existing information about the species presence, field prospecting work was carried out, which consisted, above all, in conducting routes in search of evidence of the presence of the species, as well as listening and waiting stations. The presence of the species was detected in about 20,000 km2, of which in only about 16,000 km2 the species is estimated to occur regularly (distribution area). The sampling unit used was the decachylomeric square of the Universal Transverse Mercator reticulum (UTM 10x10 km), since the lobe presents movements and vital areas of this order of magnitude, and for this reason this mesh is referred to in several works as the most appropriate to study this species.

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    The wolf subspecies present in Iberian Peninsula, Canis lupus signatus (Cabrera 1907), has in Portugal the status of Endangered (Red Book of the Vertebrates of Portugal), being covered by specific national legislation (Law no. 90/88, of 13th of December August and Decree-Law No. 54/2016, of 25 August), which grants it the Status of Protected Species. This study intents to update the existing knowledge about the situation of the wolf and gather information to support the management of the species and the environment in which it is located in Portugal. the National Census of Wolf 2002/2003 developed by a partnership established between ICN and Grupo Lobo, whose objectives were: - update the distribution map of this species in Portugal; - estimate the number and distribution of existing family groups; - analyze the evolution of the population in relation to the results obtained in the work carried out under the LIFE Program between 1994 and 1996. After compiling the existing information about the species presence, field prospecting work was carried out, which consisted, above all, in conducting routes in search of evidence of the presence of the species, as well as listening and waiting stations. The presence of the species was detected in about 20,000 km2, of which in only about 16,000 km2 the species is estimated to occur regularly (distribution area). The sampling unit used was the decachylomeric square of the Universal Transverse Mercator reticulum (UTM 10x10 km), since the lobe presents movements and vital areas of this order of magnitude, and for this reason this mesh is referred to in several works as the most appropriate to study this species.63 packs were individualized, of which 51 are considered confirmed and 12 probable. Of these, 54 are located to the north of the Douro river and only 9 to the south of it.

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    The Birds Directive was implemented in 1979. This Directive frames the conservation and management of wild birds in Europe and human interactions with this group. It sets broad objectives and includes the identification and classification of Special Protection Areas (SPAs) for the rarest and most vulnerable species, listed in its Appendix I, as well as for all migratory species that regularly occur in the European territory. These species must be subject to special conservation measures relating to their habitat, in order to ensure their survival and reproduction in their range, with special importance being given to the protection of wetlands and particularly those of international importance. Article 12 of the Birds Directive requires Member States to send the Commission, a report on the application of national provisions adopted pursuant to the Directive. This report for the period 2008-2012 was submitted to the European Commission, and will henceforth be prepared every 6 years. In preparing this report, a format approved at the European Union level was used, which includes a general report on the implementation of the Birds Directive, and specific reports containing individual assessments on the status and trend of all relevant species. The report also includes cartographic components (in GIS format) with the national geographic expression in 10 km X 10 km squares relating to the distribution and range areas of the reported breeding species.