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The dataset contains five records of the alderfly genus Sialis Latreille, 1803 (Megaloptera, Sialidae) collected in 2011 and 2015 in northern continental Portugal. The study of these specimens found two species previously unknown in the country, S. lutaria Linnaeus, 1758 and S. nigripes Pictet, 1865 and confirmed the presence of S. fuliginosa Pictet, 1836 in Portugal (Ferreira et al. 2019). In that work the three species were identified morphologically and confirmed with DNA barcodes. Specimens were detected by direct search on vegetation and rocks around river streams and captured with a hand-net. Captured specimens were identified to species level and preserved in 96% ethanol. A tissue sample, a leg, was collected from each individual, from which DNA was extracted. The DNA barcoding of these specimens was conducted within the InBIO Barcoding Initiative (IBI), funded by EnvMetaGen and PORBIOTA projects. DNA barcode sequences were deposited in BOLD (Barcode of Life Data System) and GenBank online databases. DNA extracts are deposited in the IBI collection at the CIBIO (Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources).