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    Herbarium LISU was established in 1839 as part of Escola Politécnica, but its collections include earlier material from the Ajuda Royal Cabinet The Lichen Collection available through this resource includes about 3540 records of preserved specimens from Portugal, maintained at the LISU Herbarium, and collected from the period 1848-2007. The total number of lichen specimens existing in the herbarium is about 51000, and includes the Carlos N. Tavares collection. The digitising process is ongoing, which will result in new additions to this resource in the near future.

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    The collection of decapod crustaceans is part of the Museu Bocage collections - MB (Zoological) of the Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência, University of Lisbon. This collection started in 1984, after the fire of 1978 that destroyed practically all the zoological collections. It comprises around 4200 itens, most of them preserved in 70º ethanol. The dataset which is now published comprises decapod crustaceans collected in Portugal between 1945 and 2012, and most of them originate from research projects and donations from national and international researchers. ___________________________________________________________________________ A colecção de crustáceos decápodes faz parte das Colecções Museu Bocage – MB (Zoológicas) do Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência, Universidade de Lisboa. Esta colecção iniciou-se em 1984, após o incêndio de 1978 que destruiu praticamente todas as colecções zoológicas que o museu tinha à altura. Compreende cerca de 4200 lotes, a maioria preservados em etanol a 70º. O dataset que agora se publica compreende crustáceos decápodes colectados em Portugal e entre 1945 e 2012, e na sua maioria têm origem em projectos de investigação e doações de investigadores nacionais e internacionais.

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    The dataset contains 349 records of Lacewings (Neuroptera) species collected from 2006 to 2019 in continental Portugal. Specimens were detected and captured by direct search of the environment and by using both UV and mercury-vapor lamps to attract the insects. Captured specimens were preserved in 96% ethanol. All captured specimens were identified to species level. The dataset “The InBIO Barcoding Initiative Database: Lacewings (Neuroptera) 02” is part of a group of Neuroptera datasets published by the InBIO Barcoding Initiative (IBI). The first dataset, “The InBIO Barcoding Initiative Database: Lacewings (Neuroptera) 01” (doi.org/10.15468/6cyrxd), has already been made available through GBIF. IBI is funded by the EnvMetaGen and PORBIOTA projects. All specimens are deposited in the IBI collection at the CIBIO (Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources).

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    COI has c. 800.000 specimens, organised in separate collections due to the research priorities over the years. The General collection retains the original organisation of the herbarium and is by Dalla Torre’s Genera siphonogamarum of 1900-1907 (Gen. siphon.). The organisation of the sub-Saharan African plants emphasises the connections with the British Museum and Kew following Bentham & Hooker’s Genera plantarum of 1862-1883 (Gen. pl.). The Portuguese plants follow Pereira Coutinho’s Flora de Portugal (2nd ed., revised by R. T. Palhinha 1939). The Cryptogams are being organised alphabetically.

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    The Entomological collection of the National Museum of Natural History and Science, of the University of Lisbon, Portugal, comprises over 40000 records, corresponding to about 70450 specimens. The Museum’s original collection was lost in a wildfire in 1978 and was then restarted in the early 1980’s. The collection includes large sub-collections which were compiled by private collectors and donated to the museum. These include several collections composed of over 10000 specimens, such as the collections donated by the Mendoça family, António Bívar de Sousa and Passos de Carvalho. These contribute significantly to enhance the temporal and geographic coverage of the collection. The collection remains in constant growth (ca. 4,7% in 2018), as a substantial number of specimens are still on the process of sorting, preparation and cataloguing. Furthermore, since 2014 the collection data has been under intensive verification, enrichment and validation. Over 97% (39174 records) have now been validated.

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    The Herbarium João de Carvalho e Vasconcellos (LISI) is a centenary Herbarium, founded in 1917, in the Instituto Superior de Agronomia (ISA), School of Agriculture, of the University of Lisbon (ULisboa). The LISI Herbarium houses more than 80.000 pressed and dried specimens, including 48 type specimens. It holds one of the largest collections of spontaneous vascular plants for mainland Portugal and Azores. The herbarium is in active growth, with about 900 new accessions per year, and is among the reference collections for the Flora Iberica project.

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    The dataset contains six records of Solifugae specimens collected from 2016 to 2018 in continental Portugal. All specimens were identified as Gluvia dorsalis (Latreille, 1817) that belongs to the Daesiidae family, and is the only Solifugae species known to occur in Portugal. Specimens were captured during fieldwork directed specifically for the sampling of Solifugae and stored in 96% ethanol. A tissue sample (a leg), was collected from each individual, from which DNA was extracted. The DNA barcoding of these specimens was conducted within the InBIO Barcoding Initiative (IBI), funded by EnvMetaGen and PORBIOTA projects. DNA barcode sequences were deposited in BOLD (Barcode of Life Data System) online database. Preserved specimens and DNA extracts are deposited in the IBI collection at the CIBIO (Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources).

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    The dataset contains one record of the species Borkhausenia crimnodes (Lepidoptera, Oecophoridae) collected in continental Portugal in 2014. This species, a southern hemisphere moth, had not been recorded in Europe before. The specimen was detected and captured by direct search of the environment and preserved in 96% ethanol. A tissue sample, one leg, was removed to be used for DNA extraction. Sequencing of the 658 bp COI DNA barcode was conducted within the InBIO Barcoding Initiative (IBI) and the DNA sequence was submitted to BOLD (Barcode of Life Data System) and GenBank databases. The preserved specimen and DNA extract are deposited in the IBI collection at the CIBIO (Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources).

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    The dataset contains 234 records of Lacewings (Neuroptera) species collected from 2006 to 2019 in continental Portugal (Oliveira et al., 2021). Specimens were detected and captured by direct search of the environment and by using both UV and mercury-vapor lamps to attract the insects. Captured specimens were preserved in 96% ethanol. All captured specimens were identified to species level. Samples of each species were selected for DNA sequencing based on their geographic provenance. From each specimen, one leg (tissue sample) was removed to be used for DNA extraction. The DNA barcoding of these specimens was conducted within the InBIO Barcoding Initiative (IBI), funded by EnvMetaGen and PORBIOTA projects. DNA barcode sequences were deposited in BOLD (Barcode of Life Data System) and GenBank databases. All specimens and DNA extracts are deposited in the IBI collection at the CIBIO (Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources).

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    The dataset contains 11 records of Stag beetle (Lucanidae) species collected from 2015 to 2019 in continental Portugal. All specimens were identified to species level, and belong to 3 species of the Lucanidae (Coleoptera). Specimens were detected during fieldwork by direct search and stored in 96% ethanol. A tissue sample (a leg), was collected from each individual, from which DNA was extracted. The DNA barcoding of these specimens was conducted within the InBIO Barcoding Initiative (IBI), funded by EnvMetaGen and PORBIOTA projects. DNA barcode sequences available were deposited in BOLD (Barcode of Life Data System) online database. Preserved specimens and DNA extracts are deposited in the IBI collection at the CIBIO (Research Center in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources).