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    The composition of the lichenic epiphytic flora in the coastal region of Alentejo, which includes the area of the Sines industrial complex, has been updated through floristic surveys on various phorophytes, but in particular, olive and fig trees. The present results, which are the result of fieldwork carried out in 1997, were compared with those obtained in the studies carried out in 1983. A decrease in the floristic richness was verified, as a result of the degradation of habitats and an increase in the emission of poluents. It was also possible to establish the relationship between lichen diversity and various environmental factors, through the application of Co-inertia Analysis. This publication results in two datasets, an event table: where the sampling sites are described; and an occurrence table, which shows the lichen species found at each of these sites.